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Early Christian and Byzantine route

Early Christian and Byzantine route

'Co-reigning’, ‘First after the First’ are characterizations that attributed to Thessaloniki, to highlight it's importance within the boundaries of the Byzantine Empire. From the 4th AD century until the conquest by the Turks in 1430, the Byzantine Thessaloniki faced Normans and Crusaders conquerors, Hesychasts’ Movement, the Zealot movement but also will provided to Christendom its two children, the brothers Cyril and Methodius whose missionary work led to the Christianization of the Slavs.

At the same time, during the Byzantine route, Thessaloniki will experience periods of great intellectual and artistic prosperity. The architecture, the agiography and the art of mosaic are flourishing, creating masterpieces and leave the city a cultural wealth of enormous value. Byzantine baths, monasteries, churches and imposing walls constitute Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki, some certainly so important that were recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Follow the Early Christian and Byzantine route to discover their greatness!

Church of Saint Sophia

Almost untouched in time, the Church of Aghia Sophia, dedicated to Christ, the true Word and Wisdom of God, Aghia Sophia is for centuries spiritual beacon for Thessaloniki. It was…
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Church of Panayia Chalkeon

The bright red color of the bricks on the outside of the church is the characteristic feature which gave to the Church the popular nickname 'Red Church'. This church was…
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The Walls

Since the day of its foundation, Thessaloniki was surrounded by Walls, fortification constructions for the city’s defense and protection, by possible invaders. The major parts of the fortifications were constructed…
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Acropolis Walls –Anna Paleologina Gate – Trigonion Tower or Alysseos Tower

Ascending towards Ano Poli, a different aspect of Thessaloniki is being revealed infront of you. The fortifications for the city’s defense, dominates the scenery, with the so-called “middle wall” separating…
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Heptapyrgion

Heptapyrgion, also known as “Yedi Koule”, on the North-East far end of the Acropolis, is one of the Balkans’ most emblematic fortification complexes, which was reinforced and implemented since paleochristian…
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